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Penggunaan Kalimat Passive dalam Present Continuous (Progressive) dan Present Perfect Tense: Part 2

Penggunaan Kalimat Passive dalam Present Continuous (Progressive) dan Present Perfect Tense: Part 2 —  am/ is/ are being V3… adalah komponen yang harus ada dalam kalimat pasif present continuous (progressive). Let’s read the complete explanation below!

1. Pola kalimat pasif simple present

Past participle (V3)

I am  (not)  being repaired                    done
borrowed                  written
finished                     eaten
You/ we/ they are
He/ she/ it is

Contoh:

Kalimat aktif (present continuous) : I am eating pizza now.
Kalimat pasif (present continuous) : Pizza is being eaten by me now. BUKAN by I, karena pada kalimat pasif I sebagai subjek pronoun harus berubah menjadi objek pronoun yaitu, me.

Catatan 1:
Perhatikan tobe yang digunakan harus sesuai subjek. ‘I am eating pizza.’ dan ‘The pizza is …’

Contoh tambahan:

I have some books in my room. There are being borrowed. (= somebody is borrowing the books)
(Saya memiliki beberapa buku di ruangan saya. Mereka sedang dipinjam) (= seseorang sedang meminjam buku-buku itu)

The new students are being introduced tomorrow. (= somebody is introducing the new students)
(Murid-murid baru akan diperkenalkan besok) (= seseorang akan memperkenalkan murid-murid baru besok)

Catatan 2:
Pada kalimat pasif jika pelaku atau objek dalam kalimat tidak diketahui pasti, maka tidak menggunakan kata by dan dianggap suatu perbuatan dilakukan oleh seseorang (somebody).

2. Kalimat pasif present continuous VS pasif simple present

Contoh:

The shop is being cleaned at the moment. (continuous)
The shop is cleaned every day. (simple present)

Catatan 3:
Pada kalimat pasif present continuous ditambahkan being setelah tobe (tobe+ being…)

3. Pola kalimat pasif present continuous (progressive)

I have  (not) been epaired                     done
borrowed                  written
finished                     eaten
You/ we/ they have
He/ she/it has

Contoh:

My pencils have been borrowed. (= somebody has borrowed my pencils)
(Pencil-pensil saya telah dipinjam ) = (seseorang telah meminjam pensil-pensil saya)

I am not going to the concert. I have not been allowed. (= nobody has allowed)
(Saya tidak akan pergi ke konser. Saya telah tidak dijinkan). (= tidak ada yang telah mengijinkan)

Have the dishes been washed? (= Has somebody washed it ?)
(Sudahkah piring-piring dicuci?) = (Sudahkah seseorang mencuci piring?)


4. Perbandingan pasif present perfect dan pasif simple past

The air conditioner works now. It has been repaired. ( pasif present perfect)
The air conditioner was repaired yesterday. ( pasif simple past)

I don’t eat my oranges. I think they been eaten. (pasif present perfect)
The oranges were eaten last day. (pasif simple past)

Itulah penjelasan tentang kalimat passive versi part 2. Semoga penjelasan dan contoh-contoh kalimatnya dapat memudahkan pemahaman Anda. Good luck!

PS. Mau mendapatkan Ebook paling rinci tentang kalimat passive? Klik link ini untuk pendaftaran disini

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